April 16, 2017
People have been using natural objects, like tree stumps, rocks and moss, as furniture since the beginning of human civilisation. Archaeological research shows that from around 30,000 years ago, people began constructing and carving their own furniture, using wood, stone, and animal bones. Early furniture from this period is recognized from artwork like a Venus figurine found in Russia, depicting the goddess on a throne. The 1st surviving extant furniture is in the homes of Skara Brae in Scotland, and will include cupboards, dressers and beds all constructed from stone. Complex construction methods like joinery began in the early dynastic period of ancient Egypt. This era saw constructed wooden pieces, as well as stools and tables, on occasion decorated with priceless metals or ivory. The evolution of furniture design continued in ancient Greece and ancient Rome, with thrones being commonplace also as the klinai, multipurpose couches used for relaxing, eating, and sleeping. The furniture of the center Ages was typically heavy, oak, and ornamented. Furniture design extended throughout the Italian Renaissance of the fourteenth and fifteenth century. The seventeenth century, in both Southern and Northern Europe, was distinguished by opulent, frequently gilded Baroque designs. The nineteenth century is typically defined by revival styles. The 1st three quarters of the twentieth century are frequently seen as the march towards Modernism. One distinctive outgrowth of post modern furniture design is a return to natural shapes and textures.